InvenTrust Properties was originally known as Inland American Real Estate Trust, Inc. (or Inland American). In 2017-2018, several third-party real estate investment firms made unsolicited tender offers for this REIT that describes its focus as primarily owning, leasing, redeveloping, acquiring and managing open-air centers in key growth markets.
Shares were initially offered at $10.00/share between 2005 and 2009, raising $8 billion in the process. The most recent sponsor stated value is $3.14/share, and the most recent trading range reported by Central Trade and Transfer, a secondary market source, was significantly lower at $1.36/share to $1.42/share. For many investors, there could be significant losses, especially if they originally paid at or near the $10.00/share level.
Investment fraud lawyer, Jason Haselkorn, Esq. a partner with Haselkorn & Thibaut, P.A. commented that his office has received a number of calls from investors who have incurred losses in InvenTrust and similar non-traded REIT investments, a number of which are not represented properly at the point of sale, or investments that are the result of negligent supervision.
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Unlike other privately-placed, non-traded REITs, InvenTrust Properties has failed to create a “liquidity event” which would allow shareholders to cash out of their investments. Liquidity events are due to the REITs being publicly listed or sold with proceeds distributed to shareholders. Instead, InvenTrust has held onto its assets and the value of these assets has dwindled.
Suitability Issues of Non-Traded Reits
These investments are generally offered by financial advisors working at independent broker-dealer firms. They represent one type of Direct Participation Programs (DPPs). Non-Traded REITs are typically risky illiquid alternative investments that the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) define as a “Reg D” offerings also known as “private placement.” The reference to Regulation D provides exemptions from the typical registration requirements of Section 5 of the Securities Act of 1933.
A brokerage firm selling a private placement still has a duty to conduct a reasonable investigation of any securities it recommends. The types of problems that FINRA found in the past with regard to some private placements were significant and include outright fraud and sales practice abuse in Regulation D offerings. With private placements, the firm recommending the investment to a customer must also conduct a reasonable investigation into the issuer and its management, the business prospects of the issuer, the assets held by or to be acquired by the issuer, the claims being made by the issuer, and the intended use of the offering. Failure of a firm to adequately investigate a given private placement can result in a violation of antifraud provisions of federal securities law, as well as FINRA Rule 2010 (adherence to just and equitable principles of trade) and Rule 2020 (prohibiting manipulative and fraudulent devices). In addition to various cases and enforcement actions cited in Regulatory Notice 10-22 (and its endnotes), another sweep by FINRA resulted in more crackdowns on firms (and individuals) that did not conduct a reasonable investigation before selling private placements to customers.
FINRA Private Placements Issues
Also, with respect to private placement investments, broker-dealer firms still must supervise their brokers in the investigation and recommendation being made to the customer. In addition to the typical supervision duties that a broker-dealer firm has over its registered representatives, as required by FINRA Rule 3010, private placements necessitate additional supervisory procedures. As reminded by FINRA Regulatory Notice 10-22, those additional supervisory procedures must be reasonably designed to ensure that a broker-dealer firm’s registered representatives: (1) engage in an inquiry that is sufficiently rigorous to comply with their legal and regulatory requirements; (2) perform the analysis required by FINRA Rule 2111 (formerly, NASD Rule 2310); (3) qualify their customers as eligible to purchase securities offered pursuant to Regulation D; and (4) do not violate the antifraud provisions of the federal securities laws or FINRA rules in connection with their preparation or distribution of offering documents or sales literature. Importantly, each Reg. D offering must be properly supervised “before it is marketed to other firms or sold directly to customers.”
Investors Seeking to Recover Losses
For some investors, a private FINRA arbitration customer dispute enables them to bring a claim and potentially recoup their investment losses. These customer disputes typically involve only paper discovery and no depositions, and they are a faster and more efficient alternative to traditional court litigation, as they provide a private forum to resolve disputes more quickly and efficiently.
Haselkorn & Thibaut, P.A. has filed numerous (private arbitration) customer disputes with the Financial Industry Regulatory Association (FINRA) for customers who suffered investment losses relating to issues similar to those matters mentioned above. There are typically no depositions involved, and those cases are typically handled on contingency with no recovery, no fee terms.
Experienced attorneys at Haselkorn & Thibaut, P.A. are available for a free consultation as a public service. Call today for more information at 1 888-628-5590 or visit our website and email us from there at www.investmentfraudlawyers.com.
Evidence-based financial writer with 9 years of experience specializing in earnings, economic data coverage, and bond markets. I combine fundamentals, technicals, and macro to identify low-risk, asymmetric opportunities.